Pocket Watches---Pocket Watches and Pocket Watch Case Types
You will find two distinct major "components" to many pocket watches: The timepiece situation and also the watch movement. The movement may be the inner "works" the particular time-keeping mechanism from the watch. The timepiece situation may be the outer cover, such as the very that covers the dial. The situation includes (or benefits) the winding stem and crown.
What's important to understand about antique American watches is the fact that cases and actions were usually produced by different companies. There have been watch producers and there have been situation producers. American pocket watches used a method of (relatively) standard watch dimensions, therefore it was feasible for a person to choose the timepiece movement they wanted to buy, after which choose a situation to carry it. Cases might be made from a multitude of metals: gold, silver, gold coin silver (produced from melted US coinage), nickel, and plated brass.
This is among the simplest inquiries to answer! If there's metallic cover within the dial from the watch (it's known as the "dial" not the "face") then it is a hunter-situation watch. If there's no metal cover within the dial, then it is an "open face" watch. A wide open-face watch merely has a "very" within the dial (usually made from mineral glass). If there's neither metallic cover nor a very, then the chances are something's missing. Sometimes the bezel (the round metal ring that maintains the very) sheds, which causes it to be impossible to exchange the missing glass.
A small variation around the hunter situation may be the demi-hunter style, with a small "window" right in front cover by which both your hands (or area of the hands) might be seen. This really is sometimes accompanied by an enamel inlaid "dial" within the lid within the situation, to ensure that it's possible to easily tell time without requiring to spread out the timepiece. Thus the demi-hunter provided the benefit of the open-face watch using the protection of the hunter-cased watch. Demi-hunter cases tend to be more prevalent on watches of European origin we do not see lots of American watches in demi-hunter cases.
Observe that within the photos above, the winding stem reaches the three:00 position around the hunter-cased and demi-hunter-cased watches, as well as in the 12:00 position around the open-face watch. This really is by design. Actions were created because of a hunter-situation or a wide open-face situation. The main distinction between a hunter-situation movement as well as an open-face movement may be the relative positioning from the winding arbor and also the seconds bit, and also the positions from the dial-ft.
Whenever a hunter-situation movement and dial are mounted within an open-face situation, it's known as a "side-winder" since the winding stem will attend the three:00 position rather than the "normal" 12:00 position. Although this does not present any real operational difficulties, a side-winder is usually not regarded as a "correct" matching of motion and situation. Observe that it is just known as a side-winder if it's a hunter-situation movement within an open-face situation. We very often hear people calling their hunter-cased watches side-winders since the winding stem reaches 3:00 however they must only be known as side-winders if within an open-face situation.
You are most likely not likely to encounter lots of of the situation type, unless of course you've got a early watch which has been passed down for you. In early to mid-1700s, it had been common for watches to become located in "pair cases". Some-cased watch comes with an inner situation which supports the actual movement from the watch (frequently a verge fusee), as well as an outer situation which enclosed and guarded the interior situation. Because the inner situation could not be produced dust-proof due to the important thing-holes for winding and/or setting, an outer situation provides additional defense against dust and grime. There have been even some triple-cased watches made throughout exactly the same period!